Advances in Diagnostic strategies

Advances in Diagnostic strategies Photo

Diagnosis of TB should be considered with symptoms lasting longer than 2 weeks. A multiple sputum cultures for acid-fast bacilli and chest X-ray are typically part of the initial assessment.  Tuberculin skin tests and Interferon-? release assays are generally used in developing countries. TB diagnosis is made by identifying M. tuberculosis in a clinical sample such as pus, sputum, blood, or tissue biopsy. This slow-growing organism can take two to six weeks for sputum or blood cultures for their process. Hence, treatment is often begun before results of cultures are confirmed.  Adenosine deaminase testing and Nucleic acid amplification tests may allow rapid diagnosis of Tuberculosis, these tests are not regularly recommended. Blood tests to detect antibodies are not very sensitive or specific so they are not recommended.

The Mantoux tuberculin skin test is often used to test people at high risk of Tuberculosis. People who have been earlier immunized may have a false-positive result. The test may be detected falsely negative in those people with malnutrition, Hodgkin's lymphoma, sarcoidosis, and mostly in, active TB. Those who are positive to the Mantoux test, interferon-? release assays (IGRAs), on a blood sample, including the QuantiFERON-TB Gold tests (Cellestis) and T-SPOT, are recommended.  Most environmental mycobacteria are not affected by immunization so they generate fewer false-positive results. Yet, they are affected by M. szulgai, M. marinum, and M. kansasii.  Culture- acid fast detection (Ziel Nielson stain)  

  • Tissue biopsy
  • Mantoux tuberculin skin test
  • Nucleic acid amplification tests
  • Adenosine deaminase testing
  • Interferon-? release assays (Cellestis and T-SPOT)

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Terms and Conditions

Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to 

Cancellation Policy

If Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Conference Series/OMICS International event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.



If Allied Academies postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.


Transfer of registration


All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to . Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.

The transferred registrations will not be eligible for Refund.


Visa Information

Keeping in view of increased security measures, we would like to request all the participants to apply for Visa as soon as possible.

Allied Academies will not directly contact embassies and consulates on behalf of visa applicants. All delegates or invitees should apply for Business Visa only.

Important note for failed visa applications: Visa issues cannot come under the consideration of cancellation policy of Allied Academies, including the inability to obtain a visa.

Refund Policy

If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-

  • Before 60 days of the conference: Eligible for Full Refund less $100 service Fee
  • Within 60-30 days of Conference: Eligible for 50% of payment Refund
  • Within 30 days of Conference: Not eligible for Refund
  • E-Poster Payments will not be refunded.

Accommodation Cancellation Policy


Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.


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