TB co-infections

TB  co-infections Photo
TB and HIV co-infection is that where people have both, either latent or active TB disease and also HIV infection. A condition, where someone has both HIV and TB, each disease speeds up the progress of the other disease. In addition to HIV infection is speeding up the progress from latent TB infection to active TB disease, in accordance TB bacteria also enhance the progression of HIV infection. Than many other opportunistic infections, TB occurs earlier in the course of HIV infection. In co-infected individuals, the risk of death is also twice that of HIV infected individuals without TB, even when antiretroviral therapy and CD4 cell count are taken into account. The provision of anti TB drug therapy and HIV antiretroviral treatment at the same time involves a number of potential difficulties including: A high pill burden, Drug – drug interactions, Cumulative drug toxicities
TB and Diabetes co-infection: Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to numerous complications, including neuropathy, vascular disease, and increased susceptibility to infection. Diabetes may also lead to increased susceptibility to the disease via multiple mechanisms that are caused by M. tuberculosis. The mechanisms include those directly related to cellular insulinopenia and hyperglycaemia as well as indirectly effects on macrophages and lymphocyte function, leading to diminished strength to hold the organism.
There are even other co-infections with Tuberculosis such as malaria, Typhoid fever, Dengue, hepatitis. 






























































































































































































TB and Diabetes co-infection: Poorly controlled diabetes can lead to numerous complications, including neuropathy, vascular disease, and increased susceptibility to infection. Diabetes may also lead to increased susceptibility to the disease via multiple mechanisms that are caused by M. tuberculosis. The mechanisms include those directly related to cellular insulinopenia and hyperglycaemia as well as indirectly effects on macrophages and lymphocyte function, leading to diminished strength to hold the organism.
There are even other co-infections with Tuberculosis such as malaria, Typhoid fever, Dengue, hepatitis. 

  • The Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS)
  • Comparison of nevirapine and efavirenz for rifampicin co-administration
  • Rifabutin-based treatment regimens
  • Optimal time to start antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected TB patients
  • Research into effectiveness of programmes and means of collaboration with HIV/AIDS programmes
  • Priority research in the area of TB treatment for people living with HIV, hepatitis, malaria

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Cancellation, Postponement and Transfer of Registration

All cancellations or modifications of registration must be made in writing to finance@conferenceseries.com 



Cancellation Policy

If Allied Academies cancels this event for any reason, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another Conference Series/OMICS International event which must occur within one year from the date of cancellation.

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If Allied Academies postpones an event for any reason and you are unable or unwilling to attend on rescheduled dates, you will receive a credit for 100% of the registration fee paid. You may use this credit for another event which must occur within one year from the date of postponement.

 

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All fully paid registrations are transferable to other persons from the same organization, if registered person is unable to attend the event. Transfers must be made by the registered person in writing to finance@conferenceseries.com . Details must be included the full name of replacement person, their title, contact phone number and email address. All other registration details will be assigned to the new person unless otherwise specified.

Registration can be transferred to one conference to another conference of Allied Academies if the person is unable to attend one of conferences.

However, Registration cannot be transferred if it is intimated within 14 days of respective conference.

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If the registrant is unable to attend, and is not in a position to transfer his/her participation to another person or event, then the following refund arrangements apply:

Keeping in view of advance payments towards Venue, Printing, Shipping, Hotels and other overheads, we had to keep Refund Policy is as following slabs-

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Accommodation Providers (Hotels) have their own cancellation policies, and they generally apply when cancellations are made less than 30 days prior to arrival. Please contact us as soon as possible, if you wish to cancel or amend your accommodation. Allied Academies will advise the cancellation policy of your accommodation provider, prior to cancelling or amending your booking, to ensure you are fully aware of any non-refundable deposits.

 

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